However, with fun and games comes responsibility. With summer in full swing, now is the time to take extra care of yourself and those around you, especially when outside in the sun. Whether you’re outside gardening, or tanning at the beach or with your children playing in the streets, you should always be mindful of your actions. There are many factors that you should be aware of and consider during the summer months. These precautions should be considered to ensure you stay safe and healthy.
According to the European Cancer Observatory, in 2006 skin cancer claimed approximately 1,100 lives in Poland. The best ways to avoid damage to the skin and reduce your chances of developing skin cancer include applying sunscreen, preferably SPF 30+, which blocks UVA and UVB rays and, remembering to reapply every 2-3 hours and after coming out of the water. This includes avoiding exposure to sunlight between 11 am and 3 pm, and whenever you are outside, wearing protective clothing; long pants, long-sleeved shirts, hats and sunglasses. It is also a great time to get your skin checked by a specialist, as treating skin cancer has better outcomes if detected early.
Keeping your eyes safe during summer is extremely important. Always remember to wear protective eyewear which blocks out 100 percent of the UV rays, when exposed to the sun’s rays. Ultraviolet (UV) rays can be very damaging to the retina in your eyes, and it is advised to never look directly into the sun.
As temperatures rise, heat stroke may become a problem, especially among the young and elderly. Heat stroke (hyperthermia) is a physiological reaction that occurs when the body’s core temperature rises excessively. The body produces more heat than it can dispel, and this can potentially lead to permanent damage to the body. Signs of heat stoke include dehydration, headaches, fainting and nausea. Hence it’s an important practice to rehydrate regularly and stay out of direct sunlight when and wherever possible.
It is important to always keep babies and young children under constant supervision at all times near and in the water. For teenagers and adults alike it’s important to take extra care when around lakes, rivers and streams. There may be undercurrents or the area may be shallow grounded, therefore it’s always important to observe signs or ask locals, if possible, if it’s safe to swim in the area.
Keeping safe on the roads is of great importance. With vast amounts of people leaving for holidays, whether up to the Baltic coast or down to the mountains, it’s always important not to drive if fatigued or under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Plan on who will be driving well in advance or arrange a family member or friend to drive or pick you up. Public transport is also a reliable alternative way of travelling.
So, go out there, enjoy the warmth of the sun after a very gruesome winter. But, always keep in mind your body and health. May your lato 2010 be full of great memories!